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Automating Windows XP Installation

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Offline Timi Dapsin

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Automating Windows XP Installation
« on: November 24, 2014, 10:05:00 PM »

There are three options for automated deployment of windows XP professional, namely;Unattended Installation or Unattended Setup: This uses win nt 32 and win nt command line utilities and options to automate the windows XP professional.Remote installation service (RIS): This requires windows 2000 server or windows server 2003 for deploymentSystem preparation tool (sysprep.exe): This is used to create and deploy disk imaging or cloning.
Over- view Of Unattended installation
Unattended installation is a practical method of automatic deployment when you have a large number of client to install and the computers require different hardware and software configuration unattended installation require the use of Win nt or Win nt 32 command line utilities in conjunction with an answer file called unattended txt to provide configuration information. During the unattended installation process you use a distribution server to install windows xp professional on a target computer.
Advantages of Unattended Installation
Advantages of unattended installation include;Saves time and money because users do not have to respond to installation queryIt can be configured to provide automated query response while still selectively allowing users to provide specified input during installationCan be used to install clean copies of windows xp professional or upgrade an existing Os (provided it is on the list of permitted Os) to windows xp professionalIt can be expanded to include installation instructions for application additional language supply service packs and device driversThe physical media for windows xp professional does not need to be distributed to all computer that will be installed
Overview Of Remote Installation Service (RIS)
Remote installation service (RIS) was introduced in windows 2000 server and it is also supported by windows server 2003. It allows you to remotely install windows xp professional. Remote in this case means an isolated computer been used to install on other computers (this other computers are the client computer). A RIS server installs windows xp professional on RIS client, the RIS server must have the RIS server software installed and configured. RIS client are computers that have a pre-boot execution environment (PXE) network adapter or use a RIS boot disk
PXE is a technology that is used to boot to the network when no operating system or network configuration has been installed and configured on a client computer.
The RIS boot-disk is a PXE ROM emulator for network adapters that donít have a PXE boot ROM or for a PC that doesnít support booting from the network. In order to use a RIS boot disk, the network adapter must be PCI complaint.
The RIS boot disk is generated using the remote boot floppy generator (rbfg.exe) utility. The RIS client access RIS server through Dynamic Host Configuration protocol (DHCP) to remotely install the Os form RIS server. The network must have a DHCP server, a domain name system (DNS) server, and active directory to connect to the RIS server. No other client software is required to connect to the RIS server.
Advantages Of RIS
The advantages of using RIS as a method for automating windows xp professional installations includes;The standardization Windows XP professional installation across a group or organizationThe physical media for windows xp professional does not need to be distributed to all computers that will be installed.Using a technology called Single instance store (SIS) to reduce duplicate distribution files, even if you store multiple distribution configurations. This greatly reduces storage requirements for distribution serversEnd-user installation deployment can be controlled through the group policy utility. For example, you can configure what choices a user can access or automatically specify through the end-user setup wizard.
Overview Of The System Preparation Tool And Disk Imaging
The system preparation tool (sysprep.exe) is used to prepare a computer for disk imaging which can be done with a third party image software or with disk duplicator hardware. Disk imaging (sometimes called disk cloning or disk duplication) is the process of creating a reference computer for the automated deployment. The reference or source computer has windows xp professional installed with the settings and application that should be installed on the target computer. An image is then created that can be transferred to other computers, thus installing the operating system settings and application that were defined on a reference computer.
Using RIS
The following are the RIS server requirements that are needed:Windows 200 server or windows server 2003 domain controller or member serverHardware requirement: The RIS server must meet the following hardware requirement namely; Pentium 133 mHz or higher minimum processor and a windows 200 server or windows server 2003. At least two disk partitions, one for the Os and the one for the RIS imaging. The partition that will hold the RIS imaging will be at least 2GB and formatted as NTFSNetwork Services: The following network services must be running on the RIS server or be accessible to the RIS server from another network server.TCP/IP installed and configuredA DHCP server which is used to assign addresses to RIS client (make sure that your DHCP scope has enough addresses to accommodate all the RIS client that will need IP addresses)A domain name system (DNS0 server which is used to locate the active directory controllerActive directory which is used to locate RIS server and RIS clients as well as to authorize RIS clients and manage RIS configuration settings and clients installation options.


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