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Important Things You Should Know About GROIN PAIN IN SPORTS

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Offline Timi Dapsin

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Important Things You Should Know About GROIN PAIN IN SPORTS
« on: December 07, 2016, 09:18:31 PM »

Groin pain is quite a common condition amongst athletes. A poorly treated hip injury could end a promising football career.

Common causes of groin pain include Adductor tendonitis, snapping hip syndrome, hip impingement syndrome, labral tears, osteitis pubis, stress fractures, sports hernia and many others.
What is important is early diagnosis and appropriate tests by a qualified healthcare professional.

This will involve detailed questioning of the athlete to determine the nature of the pain. A comprehensive examination is also important to elucidate the nature of the problem.

Some tests that may be required include X-rays, ultra sound scan and MRI of the pelvis.

Initial treatment involves medication. Physiotherapy, injections to relieve pain and sometimes rest is prescribed.

If after 3-4 months symptoms still persist then a referral for surgical review may be needed to prevent complications.

Some surgical procedures that may be required include hernia repair, adductor tenotomy and hip arthroscopy to address the underlying problem.

Rehabilitation following surgery is required and return to play may take up to 6 months.


Groin injuries are common, comprising 2 to 5 percent of all sports injuries. Typical groin injuries can vary according to the athleteís age, gender, and sport, with some injuries more commonly occurring in certain sports and/or in one gender or the other.

By far the most common type of groin injury is a pulled groin muscle, or groin strain. Symptoms of a groin strain are difficult to differentiate from other groin injury symptoms, such as fracture, so obtaining an accurate diagnosis from a doctor trained in sports medicine is recommended.

There are many types of groin injury, some of which can occur together. In fact, as many as 90 percent of athletes experiencing groin pain have multiple types of groin injuries simultaneously.
Common types of groin injury in athletes include, but are not limited to:

Adductor strain (groin strain or pull). By far the most common type of groin injury, a groin strain occurs when the adductor muscles, which are the major muscles on the inside of the thigh where it meets the pelvis, are stretched or torn beyond their normal range of motion. Groin strains are common in runners and soccer players.

Avulsion fracture. An avulsion fracture occurs when the tendons that connect muscles to bone are torn at the connection site, resulting in pain and muscle weakness.

Stress fractures of the femoral neck and/or pubic ramus bone. These are tiny cracks that form in the bone over time and cause pain. The neck of femur, can be subject to stress fractures in athletes in which repetitive impacts on the lower body are common, such as distance running, soccer, and basketball.

Osteitis pubis. This conditionís symptoms are similar to adductor strain, but the injury is different. Instead of a muscle strain, it is characterized by chronic inflammation in the pubic symphysis joint and its surrounding soft tissue due to repetitive stress on the pelvis. Distance runners, soccer players, and dancers are most at risk.

Inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia occurs when the lower abdominal muscles stretch or tear, often resulting in a bulge in the groin area as the abdominal organs press against or push through the weakened muscles. In addition to causing pain, an inguinal hernia can cause a pulling or dragging sensation in the groin, especially when lifting, stretching, bending over, or coughing. Inguinal hernias are more common in men, and are often associated with weightlifting.

« Last Edit: December 07, 2016, 09:24:58 PM by Timi Dapsin »


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