As many as 9 out of every 100 pregnant women will develop a condition known as gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM). It can put you at risk for problems during pregnancy and delivery.
When you are pregnant, your cells become slightly more resistant to insulin. This causes the amount of glucose or sugar in your blood to rise. The extra sugar helps more nutrients available to your baby.
There are no guarantees when it comes to preventing gestational diabetes- but the more healthy habits you can adopt before pregnancy, the better. If you've had gestational diabetes, these healthy choices may also reduce your risk of having it in future pregnancies or developing type 2 diabetes down the road. The risk of getting gestational diabetes is higher in women who:.
Are Hispanic, African-American, Native American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.
Were overweight before your pregnancy .
Have a family history of diabetes .
Are age 25 or older .
Had gestational diabetes in an earlier pregnancy .
Had a very large baby (9 pounds or more) or a stillbirth.
here are some tips to help you reduce your risk. Eat healthy foods.
Choose foods high in fiber and low in fat and calories. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Strive for variety to help you achieve your goals without compromising taste or nutrition. Lose excess pounds before pregnancy
Doctors don't recommend weight loss during pregnancy. But if you're planning to get pregnant, losing extra weight beforehand may help you have a healthier pregnancy.
Focus on permanent changes to your eating habit. Motivate yourself by remembering the long-term benefits of loosing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy and improved self-esteem. Keep active
Exercising before and during pregnancy can help protect you from developing gestational gestation diabetes. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of week. Take a brisk daily walk. Ride your bike. Swim laps.
If you cannot fit a single 30-minute workout into your day, several shorter sessions can do just as much good. Park in the distant lot when you run errands, get off the bus one stop before your destination. Every step you take increases your chances of staying healthy.