Firstly What Is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is one of the common causes of the death in many developed countries in middle-aged woman, and is becoming frequent in developing counties as well.Are You At Risk?
The factors of breast cancer include the following:
Breast cancer is uncommon below the age of 35 and 50. A secondary rise in frequency frequency often occurs after the age of 65. Women who developed their first breast cancer under the age of 40, had three times the risk of developing a second breast cancer than those who developing their first cancer after the age of 40.
2. Family History:
The risk is high in those with a positive family history of breast cancer, especially if a mother or sister developed breast cancer when pre-menopausal.
Studies have shown found that the risk of breast cancer is directly related to the age at which women bear the first child. An early first, full term pregnancy seems to have a protective effect. Unmarried women tend to have more breast tumors than married single women, and nulliparous women had the same risk.
4. Age at Menarche and Menopause:
Early menarche and late menopause are established risk factors. Forty or more years of menstruation doubles the risk of breast cancer as compare with thirty years.
5. Hormonal Factors:
The association of breast cancers with early menarche and late menopause suggests that ovary (elevated estrogen and progesterone) appears to play a crucial in the development of breast cancer.
6. Prior Breast Biopsy:
Prior breast biopsy for benign breast disease is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.
Current researches suggest that cancer of the breast is linked with a high fat diet and obesity.
8. Socio-Economic Status:
Breast cancer is common in higher socio-economic groups. This is explained by the risk factor of higher age at first birth.
9. Other (Oral Contraceptives and Radiation):
Oral Contraceptive appears to have little overall effect on the breast cancer, although prolonged use of oral pills before the first pregnancy or before the age of 25 may increase the risk in younger women. An increased incidence has been observed in women exposed to radiation.
HOW CAN IT BE PREVENTED?
1. Primary Prevention:
The average age at menarche can be increased through a reduction in childhood obesity, and an increase an strenuous physical activity. There is also good reason for reducing fat intake in the diet.
2. Secondary Prevention:
Breast screening lead to early diagnosis of breast cancer, which in turn influences treatment and, hopefully mortality. An important component of secondary prevention is follow-up, i.e. to detect recurrence as early as possible; to detect cancer in the opposite breast at an early stage; and to generate research data that might be useful.CAN TREATMENT CURE CANCEROUS CELL COMPLETELY?
No major improvement in survival rate has yet been shown by current treatment modalities. Some cases progress rapidly even if diagnosed at an apparently early stage, other surviving for 20 years even after metastatic spread... However, in general, the removal of the tumor early is likely to be curative than removal at a later stage.